All information provided in these articles is based either on personal experience or information provided by others whose treatments and practices have been discussed fully with a vet for accuracy and effectiveness before passing them on to readers. I've found a guy that has some alfalfa/fescue hay. Dry does and non- breeding mature bucks will meet their nutritional requirements on low to medium quality forage (10-12% protein and 50-60% TDN). At his vet's recommendation, he continued daily dosing for 10 days after birthing to facilitate milk let-down. Hay is grass, legumes, or other herbaceous plants that have been cut and dried to be stored for use as animal fodder, particularly for large grazing animals raised as livestock, such as cattle, horses, donkeys, goats, and sheep.However, it is also fed to smaller domesticated animals such as rabbits and guinea pigs. Our years of seed experience, combined with recommendations from Florida A&M’s Animal Science specialists, helped us design our seasonal grazing goat forage mix to be exactly what goat enthusiasts have been looking for. We offer hay/forage year round for your trail horses, working horses, cows, goats, sheep etc. “So far evidence just doesn’t show us that goats have the same problems with fescue endophytes as other livestock species,” he said. The problem: Tall Fescue is toxic to goats, particularly pregnant goats, as well as sheep, cattle, and horses. Kellen Weissenbach of Little Platte Farms has been raising goats for more than 20 years and … Still, substantial evidence for developing new stands of tall fescue with novel endophytes does not exist. This endophytic (inside the plant) fungus is not detectable visually. “Some goat producers are becoming concerned with tall fescue because of it’s endophyte problem,” he said. The annual forages were being used as a smother crop to eliminate toxic tall fescue, the prominent cool-season grass in South Carolina’s Piedmont region. Do not use MuSe on goats; it is for horses and is too strong. Producers have found that planting the endophyte-free fescue is not cost effective or successful in the long run. Pregnancy-related problems in goats eating Tall Fescue are similar to those of other species. Research has indicated that the productivity of goats is higher in a pasture with a diverse array of forage species rather than a mono-stand. Some livestock species do not tolerate tall fescue because of its toxic potential. Millet is an annual grass. 267Source: Terry Hutchens 859-257-2465, Laura SkillmanAgricultural Communications Services Director131-A Scovell HallLexington, KY 40546-0064859-323-4761lskillma@email.uky.edu, Students   /   Many producers rely on fescues for early spring and late fall grazing. (A copy of the newsletter or publication would also be a welcome addition to our growing library of goat related information! ADF is a laboratory analysis that measures the cellulose and lignin levels in plants, and lignin is not digestible, so an acid detergent fiber measure that is low - below 35% - is preferable for goats. All information and photos copyright © Onion Creek Ranch and may not be used without express written permission of Onion Creek Ranch. THE ARTICLE MUST BE REPRODUCED IN ITS ENTIRETY AND THE AUTHOR'S NAME, ADDRESS, AND CONTACT INFORMATION MUST BE INCLUDED AT THE BEGINNING OF THE REPRINT. This can be fed free-choice or twice a day. Producers also could move goats from tall fescue to warm season grasses during hot and/or dry months. Grass hay may contain a blend of different grasses. Problems include: 1) Prolonged gestation. The heads on Tall Fescue are open and many branched. Mature goats do very well on a grass-legume mix and some grass hays, but generally do not eat coarse grass hay; having small mouths, goats do not like it. It appears that the fungus interferes with the absorption of copper and selenium. Horse breeders sometimes give pregnant mares a selenium injection 30 days prior to the projected due date to help make the foaling difficulties more manageable. Early spring growth that is very short may readily be eaten by goats. Suzanne Gasparotto is not a veterinarian.Neither tennesseemeatgoats.com nor any of the contributors to this website will be held responsible for the use of any information contained herein. • Home Page • Email Us • SALE BARN • Present and Future • GoatCamp™ • Myotonic Goats • Tennessee Meat Goats™ • TexMaster™ Goats • Which breed is right for you? Tall Fescue, whether it is growing in the pasture or baled into hay, contains an alkaloid toxin that is trapped between the cells in the seeds of the plant. In all cases, it is your responsibility to obtain veterinary services and advice before using any of the information provided in these articles. Digital Media Library, August 8, 2003 Hutchens said goats appear to successfully breed, give birth and lactate while consuming a diet high in fescue pastures and hay. However, goat producers should not worry about that too much, according to University of Kentucky Extension Associate for Goat Production Terry Hutchens. Close grazing (three to six inches) keeps forage quality high and helps keep clover in the stand. Tall fescue grass is not safe for goats. They have a fescue mix hay, this would be half their hay, the other half I will feed alfalfa. Ammonia gas treatment can reduce the toxin levels in tall fescue hay. However, goat producers should not worry about that too much, according to University of Kentucky Extension Associate for Goat Production Terry Hutchens.“Some goat producers are becoming concerned with tall fescue because of it’s endophyte problem,” he said. Alfalfa is among the mostly cultivated greens for goats and considered as the best for goats. However, these strains of Fescue are not hardy and are easily killed by weather extremes. It is very winter-hardy with a deep root system. Use tall fescue for grazing and hay production. If fertilized, the plant can accumulate nitrates, making nitrate poisoning an additional danger. Under drought conditions, Tall Fescue continues to grow in pastures where other species have died. After a hard frost, goats may consume toxic Tall Fescue, presumably because the frost "sweetens" its taste. It is very important to use endophyte free varieties. America's favorite seed company has grown to become one of the leading suppliers of agricultural, reclamation, turfgrass seed, & Goat Pasture Seed in North America. The plant is so tough that it is impractical to try to kill it off. Because Tall Fescue is unpalatable, goats usually won't eat it unless they have nothing else from which to choose. Some does never develop an udder. Average fescue hay typically contains 8-9% crude protein and 55-60% TDN on a … Endophyte-free fescue is also easily crowded out by the hardier toxic fescue. It can cause digestive and respiratory problems, among other things. We would appreciate notification from any clubs or publications when the articles are used. Sounds too good to be true for goats, right? Ple… Once a day i feed my milkers about 3 cups alfalfa pellets with about 5 cups grain. Also, using no-tillage crops such as corn, small grain/soybean or Sudan grass helps to eliminate tall fescue from pastures followed by establishment of alternative pasture species or endophyte-free tall fescue. are Trademarks of Onion Creek Ranch . They show their food preferences for grasses over clovers, fence lines and steep lands over flat, open areas and will eat the best in a wide area before covering the … Some livestock species do not tolerate tall fescue because of its toxic potential. • Health & Management ArticlesChevonTalk Discussion Group • Links • Registration • Meat Goat Mania •. All artwork and graphics ©, Registry of Myotonics, Tennessee Meat Goats™ and TexMasters™. | By: Really goats don't graze like sheep, cows and horses. Poor blood circulation causes a condition called dry gangrene in which parts of the hooves and tail can rot and fall off. Researchers believe that the fungus, which is what makes the plant so hardy, tends to bind copper, zinc, selenium, and cobalt. But during times when goats can’t browse, they must be fed. Endophyte-infected Tall Fescue hay will remain toxic for two years or more. Tall Fescue is a perennial plant that grows across the United States, from the West Coast to the East Coast, as far south as Oklahoma and the Texas Panhandle, and northward into Canada. Do not underestimate the connection between Tall Fescue toxicity and selenium and/or copper deficiencies in goats. Still, substantial evidence for developing new stands of tall fescue with novel endophytes does not exist.Hutchens advised goat producers to seriously consider all the factors before making large investments such as extensive pasture reseeding or buying products to counter the toxic effects of tall fescue on goats.“So far evidence just doesn’t show us that goats have the same problems with fescue endophytes as other livestock species,” he said. TENNESSEE MEAT GOAT ™ and TEXMASTER™ are Trademarks of Onion Creek Ranch . Pigs may also be fed hay, but they do not digest it as efficiently as ruminants. Hutchens said that further supports his opinion that goats are not negatively affected by consuming tall fescue.If goat producers are worried that their livestock may be adversely affected by tall fescue consumption, alternatives do exist.Hutchens said legumes such as red clover, annual/perennial lespedeza or alfalfa can be seeded into tall fescue pastures, therefore diluting tall fescue consumption. Fescue Hay for Sale. Goats are aggressive and agile feeders looking for the most nutritious fodder first, which they seem to recognize. Stockpiled fescue has few endophyte concerns because fungal concentration drops in late fall and winter. Whole cottonseed makes an excellent supplement for goats when fed at no more than 0.5 lb/head/day. Suzanne W. Gasparotto, Onion Creek Ranch, Texas 5/4/17. ... All types of hay for goats require correct management if they are to maintain their quality and nutritional value. Research has shown that mowing of seed heads in the spring reduces the intake of highly toxic seeds by cattle. Tall Fescue is an extremely hardy perennial that is insect and drought resistant, shade tolerant, and stays green year around. Livestock symptoms will also be less intense due to the cooler temperatures. Browsemaster is a new grass seed mixture from Barenbrug's Master Series for goat pastures. I learned this year from Don Chenoweth, a goat raiser in Illinois, that his vet prescribed Equidone Gel (Domperidone 2.75 grams) for his pregnant does with Tall Fescue Toxicity. The active ingredient in Equidone Gel functions as a D2 dopamine receptor antagonist, blocking the fescue alkaloids at the cellular level. I would say, though, that timothy, oat, rye, and burmuda would be good choices for any pasture. Unfortunately, tall fescue also has a downside. Tall Fescue, whether it is growing in the pasture or baled into hay, contains an alkaloid toxin that is trapped between the cells in the seeds of the plant. All artwork and graphics © DTP, Ink and Onion Creek Ranch. Orchard/Fescue Mix & Other Hay Varieties *Delivery is $3.00 a Loaded Mile, $40.00 Minimum Equidone Gel comes in a 25 cc tube and is a prescription. Grass Hay vs. Alfalfa . The ability of goats to consume a variety of grasses, legumes, and browse facilitates the dilution concept in a slightly different manner. It contains a goat-toxic endophyte fungus during mid-summer months. Actually it is a productive choice for producing winter hay for goats and other animals. Detailed information of cost of hay & delivery below. Producers also could move goats from tall fescue to warm season grasses during hot and/or dry months.“Producers can find other sources of hay such as orchard grass, timothy, alfalfa or red clover to reduce toxicity problems in the winter feeding period,” he said. It is insect and nematode resistant, tolerates poor soil and climatic conditions well and has a long growing season. In fact, a steady diet of legume hay can lead to excessive weight gain. Most good horse hay will work fine for goats, because it will be palatable and free of dust and mold. Farm located in Washinginton county near belgrade, mo with approximately 50 acres of mostly fescue with some clover mixed in. It is three-to-four feet in height, grows in clumps, and has medium-wide leaves that are rough-ribbed. “But there is very little scientific evidence to support a negative effect for goats consuming tall fescue with high levels of endophyte.”. This endophytic (inside the plant) fungus is not detectable visually. Dosing does in the last 30 days of their pregnancy with one cc per day orally, this Illinois man's goats kidded normally without problems associated with Tall Fescue Toxicity. I've been picking out a few clean bales for the goats, but can't seem to find anymore. Research has shown that mowing of seed heads in the spring reduces the intake of highly toxic seeds by cattle. [Ranch History] [The Present & Future] [Meat Goat Mania][Registry of Myotonics, Tennessee Meat Goats™ and TexMasters™] [News & Events] [Health and Management Articles] [Links] [ChevonTalk Discussion List] [E-Mail] [Home]. If goats are fed coarse hay, they may eat the leaves but not the stems. Forage quality and feed distribution are improved when an adapted legume (such as white clover or red clover) is grown in association with fescue. All information and photos copyright © Onion Creek Ranch and may not be used without express written permission of Onion Creek Ranch. Fescue endophyte can persist for up to two years in stored hay, so animals fed KY-31 hay may benefit from supplementary grain and/or an added ration of legume hay to their winter diets. I am not vet and have no experience with this condition or this product although I have been raising goats since 1990. fescue eradication. Caprines need roughage in the form of about two to four pounds of hay per day (3% to 4% of body weight) for their rumens to function properly. If goat producers are worried that their livestock may be adversely affected by tall fescue consumption, alternatives do exist. Actually alfalfa is not a grass; it is a legume, like clover. However, some goat owners prefer to be safe than sorry. Alfalfa is enriched with high protein, … The dilution of EI tall fescue is perfectly suited for goats. Tip: Kelp (dried seaweed) fed free choice can help lower body temperature by as much as one-half degree Fahrenheit. I feed all my goats free choice grass hay, minerals, baking soda, and water. Each of these grasses may be found in your hay … If goats have access to wooded or Learn More! Goats should not be grazed extensively on pure stands of clover, due to the risk of bloating from the richness of the forage. I'm getting ready to buy hay for this winter. 4) Placentas so thick that the kids cannot get out unless the producer tears it open. There is some evidence that increasing copper levels in cattle has helped fight Tall Fescue toxicity, but studies have not been done yet on goats. Philanthropy & Alumni Aimee D. Heald, University of Kentucky College of Agriculture, Food and Environment - It Starts With Us. Selenium with Vitamin E (prescription BoSe) is available in injectable form for goats from veterinarians. It is like nectar for goats and other foragers and grazers. Hutchens advised goat producers to seriously consider all the factors before making large investments such as extensive pasture reseeding or buying products to counter the toxic effects of tall fescue on goats. There are some strains of Fescue which are endophyte-free (uninfected with the toxic fungus). “Producers can find other sources of hay such as orchard grass, timothy, alfalfa or red clover to reduce toxicity problems in the winter feeding period,” he said. Colour. Kentucky 31 Tall Fescue has been the primary tall fescue grass for pastures but there has always been a problem with Kentucky 31 called toxic endophytes which causes \"Fescue Toxicity\" in horses and livestock. A diversified crop of annual forage grasses and legumes was strip-grazed by Edward’s horses. The problem: Tall Fescue is toxic to goats, particularly pregnant goats, as well as sheep, cattle, and horses. Research   /   Hay should be analyzed for protein content and acid detergent fiber (ADF). Does passing their kidding due dates by ten days or more. *I have read that fescue can be poisonous to goats (due to endophytic fungus in the grass, which produces several types of alkaloids that are toxic to animals) but we have never seen any problems in our goats when fed fescue in moderation. Always use fescue varieties intended for livestock. It grows well in areas where other forages do not and are easy to maintain. I am providing this information so you can consult your goat veterinarian (if you are fortunate enough to have one in your area). Native to Europe, tall fescue was brought to the U.S. in the 1800s. The plant is still quite toxic to goats but it is more palatable under these circumstances. He was right. Hutchens said legumes such as red clover, annual/perennial lespedeza or alfalfa can be seeded into tall fescue pastures, therefore diluting tall fescue consumption. Legume hay is also ideal for goats and lambs. Infected Tall Fescue is high in protein, but it is an unusable protein. Very coarse hay or forage is not readily digestible by goats, so they prefer not to eat them. If you must live with Tall Fescue, keep the pastures cut short in order to prevent seed formation, as the seeds are where the toxic fungus lives and is consumed by goats. Looking to enter a multi year lease agreement which the lessee would fertilize and harvest the hay using acceptable best practices, in return for 50% of … Tall fescue is an extremely hardy, well-adapted grass species used for hay and pasture in the central and eastern United States and the Pacific Northwest. The author, Suzanne Gasparotto, hereby grants to local goat publications and club newsletters, permission to reprint articles published on the Onion Creek Ranch website under these conditions: THE ARTICLE MUST BE REPRODUCED IN ITS ENTIRETY AND THE AUTHOR'S NAME, ADDRESS, AND CONTACT INFORMATION MUST BE INCLUDED AT THE BEGINNING OF THE REPRINT. 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